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 GLASCOED

 PEOPLE & PLACES

UPPER HOUSE

 

For most of the 19th century, Upper Cwmhir was occupied by various Williams’.


At the time of the 1831 Land Tax Assessment, a William Williams was in residence. He was assessed for a £1 yearly rental on the property.


1841 census


In 1841, the residents were William Williams, aged “20” Occupation “Ind” and born in Monmouthshire. There was also an Elizabeth Williams, aged “50” also born in Monmouthshire and a William Jones aged 10, an Agricultural labourer and a William “ditto” aged “20” born outside of Monmouthshire a M S (male servant). I assume that Elizabeth was William’s mother.


With the sparseness of detail, it is not easy to be sure about exactly which Williams’ and Jones these were. These are such common names.


Williams’ were still in residence in later censuses:


1851 census


In 1851 we still see that Williams’ were still in residence - an older William Williams, a 78 year old widower, born in Glascoed who was a farmer. He may well have been the same William Williams who appeared on the 1831 Land Tax Assessment, although this is a bit of an assumption. Here we see that Upper Cwmhir was not a large farm by any means - he only farmed 8 acres.


His daughter in law, Mary Williams (aged 28) - born Panteg - was living there and in obvious poverty. She was in receipt of parish relief, along with her two daughters, Harriet (aged 6) and Eliza (aged 4), both of whom had been born in Glascoed. It is not clear who their father (by now deceased) was.


In 1856, the Usk Observer reported that one of William’s


1861 census


On the 1861 census, the farm is called “Lower Cwmare” - although since Upper Cwmare is not on this census and Lower Cwmare appears twice, I have assumed that this is the same . William Williams, born Glascoed aged 48 is now the farmer. I believe that this is likely to be the William Williams, baptised in Monkswood on 21st March 1813, son of the Glascoed residents, William and Elizabeth Williams. This William had at least two siblings, Sarah (baptised on 20th Jan 1811 at Monkswood - who later married William Rowland) and David (baptised 10th Sept 1815 at Monkswood - who later farmed at Manachty farm, Monkswood).


Also living at the house in 1861 were Mary Ann (William’s wife) aged 50 born in Glascoed. I believe that the house’s entry on this census was:


29 Lower Cwmare


William Williams Head Married 48   Farmer Monmouthshire Glascoed


Mary Ann Williams Wife Married   50 Farmer's wife Monmouthshire Glascoed


Margaret Williams Dau Unmarried   14   Monmouthshire Glascoed


Jamima Williams Dau     12   Monmouthshire Glascoed


 Elizabeth Williams Dau     8   Monmouthshire Glascoed


 

1871 census


40 Upper Cwmare William Williams Head Mar 58  Agricultural labourer Glascoed Mon


  Mary ann Williams Wife Mar  60 Labourers wife Glascoed Mon


  Elizabeth Williams Dau unmar  18 Scholar Glascoed Mon


  Leonard Williams Nephew - 12  - Llanvrechva Upper Mon Imbecile

 


1881 census


13 Upper Cwmare William Williams Head Married 68   Farmer Monmouthshire Glascoed  


    Mary ann Williams Wife Married   70   Monmouthshire Glascoed Blind


    Elizabeth Williams Daughter Unmarried   26   Monmouthshire Glascoed  


    Alice Margaret Williams Granddaughter     9   Monmouthshire Glascoed  



 1891 census


8. Upper Cwmare William Williams Head Widower 78   Farmer     x Monmouthshire Glascoed   Both


    Alice Williams Grandaughter Single   19 Housekeeper for grandfather       Monmouthshire  Glascoed    English


9. William Stoneham Lodger Single 23   Labourer at steel works    x Monmouthshire Shirenewton   English



 


1901 census


14 Upper Cwmhir (4 rooms)


William Stoneham Head Married 32   Plate layer on Railway Worker   Monmouth Shirenewton    English


 Alice Stoneham Wife Married   28       Monmouth Glascoed   English


Louisa Stoneham Daughter     8       Monmouth Glascoed   English


William Stoneham Son   5         Monmouth Glascoed   English



 


 1911 census:


15 Upper Cwmhir Cottage (4 rooms)


William Stoneham Head 42  Married     Brickmaking Little Mill Brick Co. Worker  Shirnewton Mon - English


Alice Stoneham Wife  38 Married 19 2 2 -     Glascoed Mon - English


Louisa Stoneham Daughter  18 Single     Dress maker  Own account At home Glascoed  Mon - English


William Stoneham Son 15       Brick making Little Mill Brick Co. Worker  Glascoed Mon - English



Upper Cwmhir is situated at the end of Cwmhir Road, which winds up to the north of the village from Jerusalem Lane if you are approaching from New Inn.


It’s near neighbour is rather predictably, Lower Cwmhir (also marked on this map).

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