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The first residents that we can be sure lived at Cross farm were John and Mary Williams. John was the son of Roger and Ann Williams of Beech Farm. Mary was born in Llanbaddock cir. 1827.

They married on September 25th 1859 at Llanbaddock Parish church. Their marriage was reported in the Usk Observer. It was a busy weekend for the family since John’s sister, Mary Ann was married the following day, as you’ll see in the newspaper transcription.

We see the family growing through successive censuses:

1861 census No.47 Cross Road

John Williams  26 agricultural labourer b Glascoed

Mary Williams  34   b Llanbaddock

Ann Williams  1   b Llanbaddoc

1871 census No. 16 no name

Neighbouring houses: No 17 Cross, No 18 Upper House

John Williams  36 farmer b Glascoed

Mary Williams  44  b Llanbattock

Ann Williams  11  b Glascoed

Elizabeth Williams  9  b Glascoed

Mary Williams  7  b Glascoed

Henry Williams  4  b Glascoed

William Williams  2 months b Glascoed

1881 census No 25, no name

John Williams  46 farmer b Glascoed

Mary Williams  54  b Llanbattock

Mary Williams  17  b Glascoed

Henry Williams  14  b Glascoed

William Williams  10  b Glascoed

John Williams  7  b Glascoed

The parents, both died before the next census and were buried at Mount Zion Baptist Church. Mary Williams died on the 18th July 1888, aged 62 and the following year, her husband John Williams died on the 4th November 1889 aged 54. Burial records can be found here.

1891 census Cross Farm

Mary Williams single 27 farmer b Glascoed

William Williams  20 haulier b Glascoed

John Williams  18   haulier b Glascoed

Mary married William Lewis of Upper House in 1892. A family story says that Mary Williams was engaged to marry John Lewis, William’s brother, however this engagement was broken and she married his older brother William. William and Mary had 4 sons and 1 daughter whilst John and Martha settled at Upper House and had 3 daughters. This caused much resentment between the two brothers.

Kelly’s directory 1901

William Lewis, farmer, Cross Farm

1901 census Cross Farm, Glascoed

William Lewis farmer 41

Mary Lewis  37

John Lewis  8

Annie Lewis  5

William Lewis  4

Arthur Lewis   1

1911 census The Cross Farm

Farm House 6 rooms

William Lewis 50 Farmer Grazier

Mary Lewis 47 married for 19 years

John Lewis 18

Annie Lewis 15

William Lewis 14

Arthur Lewis 11

Henry Lewis 7

Joseph Bate servant 44 builders carpenter

1939 Register. Cross Farm.

1~Lewis, John~-~M~ Born 15.1.92~S~Farmer

2~Lewis, Arthur~-~M~Born 24.11.99~S~Haulage Contractor Genl

3~Lewis, Henry~-~M~Born 11.2.04~S~Haulage Contractor Genl

4~Parry, Annie~-~F~Born 9.7.95~W~unpaid Domestic

5~This record is officially closed~-~~~~~

6~Parry, Freda E (WILLIAMS)~-~F~5.7.30~S~School~CR 283 MN WILLIAMS 10.3.66 (actual marriage registered in Jun Quarter 1965).


Many thanks to Olwen Hughes, who wrote this page.

Cross Farm is not named in all the census returns between 1841 and 1881, but in 1891 and 1901 it is recorded with its geographical neighbours being (The) Cross and Upper House. I have therefore assumed that the unnamed property, between Cross and Upper House, is Cross Farm. The people living there certainly match the family profile.

I believe that the 1841 census shows Mary Williams, a “50” yr old lady, “Independent” at Cross Farm. I’ve worked this out by the route that the census enumerator was likely to have taken. However, I can’t be 100% sure of this.