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1851 censusAnn was by now a widow living at Pentwyn, and was described as a “farmer of 5 acres”. James had died in February or March 1843 and was buried at Llanfihangel Pontymoile. Their son Thomas and his wife “Mary” (actually Maria Edwards) were also living at Pentwyn.

1861 censusAnn died in February 1857 and was buried with her husband at Pontymoile church. Thomas and Maria were by now farming at “Pentwyn” - and had expanded to 14 acres. They had 3 children by this point - Ann, James and Leonard.

In 1862,Maria fell from a tree while picking cherries and broke her back. She never truly recovered and four months later, died, leaving Thomas to bring up the children alone. He never re-married.

By the time of the 1871 census, “Pentwyn” was re-named “Cherry Orchard” - whether as a more accurate description or in tribute to Maria, I don’t really know. Ann was a housekeeper and Leonard was also living at home. Thomas had “No occupation” at this time. James had left home to work as a Servant with Edward and Rachel Morgan, a couple in their 60s who ran a farm at Glascoed.

The 1881 census sees the whole family back together, although not for many years longer, since Thomas died in 1883. Thomas still had no occupation (I wonder whether he had any health issues that stopped him from working), with Ann still  a housekeeper. Both James and Leonard were labourers.

Thomas died in April 1883 and was buried at one of the churchyards in Usk parish - I wonder whether this was Glascoed - on 29th April 1883.

James married Florence Davies Morgan in late 1883. Florence was the daughter of Emmyra (Myra) Davies and Henry Morgan. You can read an interesting account of the affiliation (paternity) case concerning Florence’s parentage here in the Usk Observer. Her parents were Jesse Davies and Eliza (nee Pritchard) from Lower Cwmhir.

By the time of the 1891 census, James and Florence already had 5 children (Beatrice, Thomas, Annie, Maria and William) and Florence’s half sister, Maud Stone was also at Cherry Orchard on census night, employed as a nurse/ domestic servant. James was working as a farmer and as a labourer at the Steel works.

In 1901, James and Florence were still at Cherry Orchard, with 8 children. James, the younger had left the family home and was working as a Cowman at Beech farm. Beatrice, Annie, Maria and William had now been joined by James, Elizabeth, Florence and Gertrude. Sadly, they had lost another child, Ethel, who died aged 6 weeks in January 1900 in the previous decade.

In 1911, many of the family were still at home. Thomas and James (junior) were both “Farmer’s sons working at home” and James (senior) was now a Farmer and Market gardener. Annie (now aged 23) and Gertie (aged 15) were at home and two new children had appeared - Alfred, (aged 9) and Hilda (aged 2). I would imagine that in common with many other census entries, that Hilda was probably a grand-daughter, possibly Annie’s daughter born out of wedlock, although I could be completely wrong in this. If she was James and Florence’s daughter, Florence would have been aged 46 or 47 at the time of Hilda’s birth and James aged 51/52 - certainly possible, although since no other children are listed from the 7 years between Alfred and Hilda’s birth, I’d put my money on the first hypothesis.

James and Florence continued to live at Cherry Orchard for a number of years after this. They were still there on the 1929 Register of Electors. Florence had died by 29th September 1939, when the National Register of 1939 was taken. James was now a retired farmer and had taken in several lodgers. His date of birth was given as 21st December 1857.


Census records

1841 - James Edwards was Head of the Household.

1851 - Ann Edwards (nee Jones) was now the Head of the Household, following James’ death in 1843.

1861 - Thomas Edwards was now the Head of the Household.

1871 - Thomas Edwards -  still the Head of the Household.

1881 - Thomas Edwards - still the Head of the Household.

1891 - James Edwards was now the Head of the Household.

1901 - James Edwards - still the Head of the Household.

1911 - James Edwards - still the Head of the Household.

1939 Register - James Edwards still the Head of the Household. Florence had died by this point.

Registers of Electors

1841 - James Edwards

1843/44 - James Edwards

1889 - James Edwards.

1909 - James Edwards. A second James Edwards entry can also be found further down the page.

1922 - James, Florence and James Edwards.

1929 - James and Florence Edwards.


Cherry Orchard did not appear as a dwelling on the Glascoed census until 1871. I believe that it was the same dwelling as one of the Pentwyns (up until this point, there were two Pentwyns on the census for Glascoed).

It is situated at the end of Cwm Road, Glascoed (NP4 OTF) - neighbouring houses include Ty Mawr and Upper House.

It appears that right through the census period, successive generations of the Edwards family were living at the house. In 1841 the head of the household was James Edwards, a shoemaker who had lived in Glascoed from the early 19th century and possibly since his birth c 1780. His wife was Ann nee Jones and they had at least four children, including Leonard, James, Thomas and Ann.