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Saturday January 6th, 1866.

County of Monmouth


Ordered under the authority of the Order of Council dated 16th December 1865:-

1. That from the day of publication of this notice, no Cow, Heifer, Bull, Ox, Calf or Sheep, or Swine shall be brought into this county, or across the border of the said county as defined by the said order of the 16th of December, from any part of Great Britain, or any place whatsoever except as excepted in the said Order of Council.

2. Also, that no Cow, Heifer, Bull, Ox, or Calf shall be brought to or exhibited for sale at any Fair or Market within the said county.

3. Also that no Sheep or Swine from any part of Great Britain, or from any place whatsoever, excepting from places within the County of Monmouth, shall be brought to or exhibited at any Fair or Market within the said County.

4. Also, that no Fair or Market for the purpose of exhibiting for sale or selling any Cow, Heifer, Bull, Ox, Calf, Sheep, or Swine, shall be held within the said county until the First of March, next.

5. Also, that no Cow, Heifer, Bull, Ox, Calf, Sheep, or Swine, shall be conveyed by Railway within the said county, except for the purpose of being conveyed out of the said county.

6. Also, that all Orders heretofore made by any local authority within the county, except as regards the appointment of Inspectors, are hereby revoked.

7. That a Copy of this Order be forwarded by the Clerk of the Peace to the Clerks to the Magistrates in the different Petty Sessional Divisions, and to the Chief Constable of the County, with a request that he will take the necessary measures to enforce obedience to this Order.

By the Court,


Clerk of the Peace

 ____________________________________________________________

The Cattle Plague.


Important to Farmers and Others having Stock for Sale.


In order to meet the emergency caused by the closing of fairs and markets against cattle, Announcements of STOCK for SALE will be inserted in the “USK OBSERVER,” at the reduced prepaid rate of ONE SHILLING FOR THIRTY WORDS, or under, and 6d. for every additional ten words.

Persons desirous of availing themselves of this means of publicity will be required to forward their instructions to the Office, not later than Thursday in each week, as follows: The full Postal Address- the number and description of Stock for disposal- and cash, or postage stamps, to the required amount, according to the number of work.

Monmouthshire Quarter Sessions


The Epiphany Sessions for this county were commenced at the Town Hall, Usk, on Monday last, the following magistrates being present on the bench …


The Clerk of the Peace read the Order in Council, dated 16th December last, which transferred the power of issuing orders enforcing precautionary measures against the plague from the local authorities in each district to the Court of Quarter Sessions. In the course of a discussion which followed, it was stated that no orders could be made under the Order in question until the 3rd of January. It was, therefore, agreed that certain orders should be made on the 4th, the particulars of which will be found set forth in our advertising columns.

Webmaster’s note: There had been a number of articles re the Cattle Plague in the Observer for much of 1865 – particularly in the second part of the year. It had not yet entered Monmouthshire at this point, by all accounts.

Saturday March 31st, 1866.


Philip Lewis, Glascoed, was charged with neglecting to support his wife, and also with having assaulted her. Mr W.H. Lloyd appeared for defendant. This couple have led miserable lives for some time past, having been once or twice before the magistrates previously to have their wrongs rectified. After investigating the case, his Worship recommended the wife to return to her husband, as he said he wanted her back.

Several minor cases were said to have been settled out of Court. MONDAY, before the same Magistrate.

Saturday April 21st, 1866.


At Mamhilad, April 9, Frances, wife of Mr. David Williams, farmer aged 83 years.

Saturday April 28th, 1866.

The Bankruptcy Act, 1861.




GEORGE ROBERTS, of the parish of Monkswood, in the county of Monmouth, Hay Dealer, having been adjudged Bankrupt, under a petition for adjudication of bankruptcy filed in the County Court of Monmouthshire, holden at Usk, on the Eleventh day of April, 1866, is hereby required to surrender himself to Mr. Henry Roberts, the Registrar of the said Court, at the First Meeting, of Creditors, to be held before the said Registrar, on the Eighth day of May next, at Ten o’clock in the forenoon precisely, at the County Court Office, Usk. Mr. Henry Roberts is the official assignee, and Mr. J.T. Williams, of Monmouth, is the solicitor acting in the bankruptcy.

Public Sittings will be appointed by the Court for the said bankrupt to pass his Last Examination, of which sitting due notice will be given in the London Gazette. At the said first meetings of creditors the Registrar will receive the proofs of the debts of the creditors, and the creditors may choose an assignee or assignees of the bankrupt’s estate and effects. At the public’s sittings proofs of debts of creditors will also be received, and the said bankrupt will be required to submit himself to be examined, and to make a full disclosure and discovery of all his estate and effects, and to finish his examinations.

Notice is also hereby given to all persons indebted to the said bankrupt, or that have any of his effects, not to deliver the same but to the Official Assignee whom the Court has appointed in that behalf, and give notice to the Solicitor acting in the bankruptcy.

Saturday May 19th, 1866.


THE HIGHWAY BOARD.- A meeting of this body was held at the Town Hall, on Monday, the 7th inst., when there were present:- Messrs. Thomas Watkins (chairman), E. Lister, Edward Evans, Walter Blower, William Gough, Henry Fisher, J.E. Williams, David Mosely, William Rowlands, C.G. Watkins, Thomas James, George Williams, Edward Price, Henry Edward Stinchcomb, John Morgan, William Price, and William Gwatkin. Messrs. John Morgan and William Rowlands produced their certificates of appointment for the parishes of Mamhilad and Llanllowell, respectively, and Mr. John Morgan was elected vice-chairman for the ensuing year. It was ordered that a bridge be built over the Berthin brook, on the road leading from Monkswood to Glascoed. The surveyor was ordered to prepare a plan, specification, and estimate of the bridge and approaches, and lay the same before the next meeting. …

… It was resolved that the following contribution orders be made and signed for the current half-year, viz: Glascoed, £23; Goytre, £37; Llanvair Kilgeddin, £20 10s.; Llanvihangel Pontymoile, £10; Mamhilad, £9, 10s.; Gwehelog, £39; Gwernesney, £7; Kemeys Commander, £8; Llanbaddock, £83; Llangeview, £26 10s.; Llangwm Isha, £8 10s.; Llangwm Ucha, £58 10s.; Bettws Newydd, £15; Llanllowell, £13 10s.; Llansoy, £23 10s.; Llantrissent, £65 10s.; Monkswood, £13 10s,; Trostrey, £32 10s.; and Usk £67 10s. It was resolved that the various sums be paid in moieties on the 4th June and 3rd September next. The Surveyor was instructed that all the work in the several parishes be done, as far as may be practicable, by piece-work, and that he offer such work to aged laborers in the respective parishes. …

THE GREEN-EYED MONSTER.- Hannah Lewis was summoned by Sarah Pitt to show cause why she should not enter in sureties of the peace. Mr. William H. Lloyd appeared for complainant, who is a widow, said that defendant had threatened her from time to time, and on Saturday last came after her, and said that she kept her husband. It seemed that defendant and her husband have for some time led an unhappy life, and defendant said that her husband loved complainant much better than he loved her, and had been with her for as much as seven weeks together saving that he came home once or twice in the day time “just to keep up appearances.” She had witnesses to call, she said, to prove what she had asserted, and who would prove that her husband and complainant had been seen walking out together at night, and otherwise behaving with familiarity towards each other. In answer to Mr. Greenway complainant said that she had had a “biddle” or “tidley-wink,” that is a sale of beer and spirits without a license. Defendant’s husband was there, but she had nothing whatever to do with him nor she didn’t want to have, and he had been at her house only once during the last two months. The Bench said that as complainant swore that she was in bodily fear of defendant that they must bind the latter over to keep the peace. She was also ordered to pay 10s. 6d. Expenses.

Saturday June 2nd, 1866.





Valuable Freehold Farm.



On Saturday the 16th day of June, 1866,

at the CROWN HOTEL, PONTYPOOL, at two o’clock in the afternoon, (subject to such conditions as shall be then and there produced.)

All that desirable FREEHOLD FARM, called “LLANYNANT,” comprising Farm House, Stables, Barn, Beast House, and other outbuildings, with the several pieces of parcels of arable, meadow and pasture Land thereto belonging, containing by the tithe apportionment map 28a. 0r. 35p., or thereabouts, now in the occupation of John Rosser, as yearly tenant; bounded on most parts thereof by Pettingall Farm, the property of the trustees of the late Capel Hanbury Leigh, Esq.

The Buildings are in good repair; the land is productive, and is situate about three miles from Pontypool, and a like distance from Usk, both important Market Towns.

For further particulars apply to Messrs. WALFORD & GABB, Solicitors Abergavenny, or to the tenant on the premises.

NOTE - John Rosser was the farmer at Glascoed Vach at the time of the 1841 census.

Saturday June 9th, 1866.



“RATHER DEAR FOR THE FIRST TIME.”- Robert Arnold was charged with having ridden in a cart without reins, in the parish of Panteague. John Sullivan, haulier, to Mr. Pegler, grocer, Pontypool, said he saw defendant riding in his cart without reins, and at length the horse got into a trot, and defendant, seeing a policeman coming, endeavoured to get out of his cart, and while doing so it toppled over him. Defendant, who had already pleaded guilty to the charge, said he was the son of a farmer at Glascoed, and as it was his first offence of this nature, he hoped the Bench would deal leniently with him. He was convicted in the penalty of 15s. including costs, on hearing which he said it was “rather high for the first time.” The Bench told he had endangered his life, and ought not to complain.

Saturday June 16th, 1866.




COUNTY COURT, JUNE 5, before J.M. HERBERT, Esquire, Judge.

There were fifty causes entered for hearing at this Court, but a large proportion of them were settled or struck out. The following were the cases heard:-


… Sarah Roberts, Hendrew farm, v. John Bevan, Newport, carpenter; claim, £7 9s- 6d. for rent. To pay by 5s. a month.


Re George Roberts, Monkswood, hay-dealer, bankrupt. This was an adjourned first meeting. Mr. Thomas Thomas, a creditor was appointed assignee of the estate.


FURIOUS DRIVING.- John Perrott, a farm servant in the employ of Mr. Hallen, of Slough Farm, Gwernesney, was charged, on the information of Superintendent Llewellyn, with riding a horse furiously on the highway in the town of Usk, on the 28th May (fair day). Defendant pleaded guilty, but said the horse had started in consequence of being whipped by a jockey in the fair, and he therefore could not control it. He was ordered to pay 5s. costs.

NOTE – John Perrott was the grandfather of Reg Perrott, who married Ellen Arnold of Upper Twyn. Ellen was the daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (nee Williams) of Beech Farm.

Saturday June 23rd, 1866.

Lost from the Hendrew Farm, Llanbaddock, on the 14th instant, a light-brown SHEEP DOG, about 4 months old, with a white patch on the right side of the face and a white tip to the tail; answers to the name of “Lark.” Whoever will restore the same to the above farm, or to Mrs. Evans, Pentovey farm, near Pontypool, will be rewarded for their trouble.

NOTE – This puppy will have been lost from the Roberts family – Sarah being the widow of Daniel Roberts, one of the main characters in the “Glascoed Riots.” They formerly farmed at Lower Wernhir.

LARCENY.- On Tuesday, a man named Wm Arnold, a laborer, residing in Usk, was taken up before G.R. Greenhow-Relph, Esq., at the Police-office, on a charge of stealing, at Usk, on the 9th inst., a jacket, belonging to John Perrott, laborer, Gwernesney. The jacket, it appeared, was traded to the possession of the prisoner, and was ultimately found under his bed at his lodgings, by Superintendent Llewellin, on the 18th inst. The prisoner was remanded in custody until the Petty Sessions on the 22nd.

WEBMASTER NOTE – John Perrott was the grandfather of Reg Perrott (see above story “Furious driving”). The William Arnold in question could be of the Maesmawr Arnolds, although there were at least two William Arnolds in the area at this time.

Saturday June 30th, 1866.

PETTY SESSIONS, June 22, before F. McDONNELL and E. LISTER, Esqrs.

LARCENY.- William Arnold, labourer, Usk, was brought up onremand, charged with stealing a jacket, of the value of 2s., the property of John Perrott, of Gwernesney, at Usk, on the 9th of May. It appeared that prosecutor left the jacket at a blacksmith’s shop near the Four Ash turnpike gate, whilst he went in search of the blacksmith, and on his return it was gone, as also was the prisoner whom he left there. The property was afterwards found by the police on prisoner’s bed, at his lodgings. These facts having been clearly proved, the prisoner, who denied the charge, was committed to prison for six weeks, with hard labour.

Saturday July 7th, 1866.

The Bankruptcy Act, 1861.


Notice of Sitting for Land Examination.


GEORGE ROBERTS, of the parish of Monkswood, in the county of Monmouth, Hay Dealer, having been adjudged bankrupt under a petition for adjudication of bankruptcy, filed in the County Court of Monmouthshire, holden at Usk, on the 12th day of April, 1866, a Public Sitting for the said bankrupt to pass his Last Examination, and make application for his Discharge, will be held before John Maurice Herbert, Esq, the Judge of the said Court, on the 7th day of AUGUST next, at the Court House, Usk, at Eleven o’clock in the forenoon, precisely, the day last aforesaid being the day limited for the said bankrupt to surrender.

Mr. Henry Roberts is the official assignee, and Mr. J.T. Williams, of Monmouth, the solicitor acting in the bankruptcy.

The first meeting of Creditors has been duly held in the said bankruptcy, and at the public sitting above mentioned proofs of debts of creditors who have not proved will be received; and the said bankrupt will be required to surrender himself to the said Court, and to submit himself to be examined, and to make a full disclosure and discovery of all his estate and effects, and to finish his examination.

Signed,  W.GRAHAM, Jun.


Saturday August 18th, 1866.


RE George Roberts.- This bankrupt, who came up for his last examination, was opposed by Mr. Alexander Edwards, on behalf of the trading engineer, Mr. Thomas. The opposition was based upon the sale of a horse, which a step-son of the bankrupt had bought, and it was not clearly elicited where he obtained the money to make the purchase. The examination was consequently adjourned to the next Court for the attendance of the step-son.

Saturday October 13th, 1866.


George Roberts, Monkswood, haulier, applied for a final discharge, supported by Mr. Partridge, opposed by Mr. A. Edwards. The judge strongly animadverted on bankrupt’s conduct and adjourned the case.

Saturday December 29th, 1866.



Order of Discharge.


IN the County Court of Monmouthhshire, holden at Usk. In the matter of GEORGE ROBERTS, of the Parish of Monkswood, in County of Monmouth, Hay Dealer.

WHEREAS at a public sitting of the Court held this day, the Court granted an Order of DISCHARGE to the said Bankrupt. Notice is hereby given that an Order of DISCHARGE will be drawn up and delivered to the said Bankrupt after the Expiration of Thirty Days from this date unless in the meantime an appeal be daily entered against the Judgment of the said Court.

 Dated this 4th day of December, 1866.

  W. GRAHAN, jun., High Bailiff.

(This next article is not specifically Glascoed-linked, but I just thought it was a good read!).


LARKING.- On Christmas-eve the old practices of unhinging gates, pulling down shutters, wheeling barrows into the river, and other mischievous pranks, were again revived: the darkness of the streets, occasioned by the Inspectors discontinuing the lighting of the town, rendering such operations safe from discovery.