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 GLASCOED

 PEOPLE & PLACES

Three Styles Farm

 

 

Three Styles farm is also known as Try-Chywmad and is right on the far western edge of Glascoed census district, next to New Inn village, on the road to Ty Coch farm “Red House”.


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In the 1841 census, we find Lewis Lewis, a 60 year old Farmer in residence, along with 5 other Lewis - I assume that the 60 yr old Jane is his wife and that “30” yr old Edmund and “10” yr old  Lewis Lewis and John Lewis were his sons. Elizabeth a “20” yr old agricultural labourer being their daughter. From this information it would have also have been reasonable to assume that their 30 yr old son Edmund was living with his parents with his young family; his “20” yr old wife Jane - maybe nearer 30!, Elizabeth and their two children Lewis and John.


By the time of the 1851 census, the above information becomes clearer. Edmund Lewis, aged 40 is a Farmer of 55 acres. We find that he was born in Trevethin, and is married to the 40 year old Mary Lewis. Lewis Lewis and John Lewis, the 10 year olds on the previous census are no longer at Three Styles - I assume making their living elsewhere - it’s still not quite clear whose children they were. They have a daughter by now, Sarah, who had been born 2 weeks earlier. Two nephews are also at the farm (13 year old Thomas Davis from Panteg and 12 year old Samuel Jones from Llanfrechfa) along with a house servant, Hannah Ray.


In 1861, James Jenkins has moved to Three Styles with his family, James is from Llangibby and was a 39 year old farmer (of 30 acres). His wife Ann was aged 40 and from nearby Gwehelog. Their son, James T.E. Jenkins had been born in Glascoed 4 years previously (I assume at Three Styles farm). Their servant, Thomas Evans, was a 15 year old Carter from Panteg. I found the family living at Church Farm in Gwernesney in the 1881 census.


By 1871, the census shows us that the Jenkins family have moved on and the the Gunter family are now living at Three Styles. John is a 45 yr old farm labourer, from Monkswood, and his wife Sarah is from Monmouth. They have two children, John and Maria. The children’s birthplaces and ages help to tell the tale of the family’s moving. The 10 year old John was born at Panteg and Maria at Glascoed (Three Styles seems the likely birthplace, but this is an assumption). The move from Panteg to Three Styles was not an arduous move, since Panteg parish was just across the fields from Three Styles! William Tuck, a 28 year old lodger from Wiltshire completes the census return. The Gunter children were living with their older married sister, Sarah in 1881 at Croydon.


The 1881 census introduces us to another labourer in residence, Fredrick Harris, aged 48 from Gwernesney. His wife, Mary was ten years Fredrick’s junior from Llangattock Vibon, and at this point they had three children, Kate aged 13, born at Marylebone, London, and Mary Jane (8) and Fredrick Ivor (5) both born at Ystrad, Glamorgan.


On census night in 1891, Thomas Hibbert (a 42 year old “Furnace man in the iron works”, from Almondsbury in Gloucestershire) and Ann his 47 year old wife from Llanfihangel Torymyndd are in residence, with their lodger, William Williams, a 30 year old labourer from Cardiff.


A family of Pitts from Herefordshire moved to Three Styles and were installed at Three Styles by 2nd April 1901, census night. Peter Pitt was a 39 yr old farm bailiff from St. Margaret’s, Herefordshire who had married Fanny Hughes, 6 years his junior, in 1892 in the Abergavenny area. They had lived in Trevethin prior to coming to Three Styes. While it may seem from this census that their smallest children, Vera and Stanley had been born in Panteg, the 1911 census indicates this was Glascoed. The confusion will have been that Three Styles was very close to Panteg church and a stone’s throw away from New Inn, part of Panteg parish at this time. They had moved to Nelson, in Glamorgan by the 1911 census. Peter, though had died in 1908, presumably while living at Nelson, so they must have left Three Styles some time between 1905 and his death in 1908.


The 1911 census introduces us to a new family at Three Styles. John Bevan was another farm bailiff. John worked for the Partridge and Jones colliery company. It also tells us that Three Styles is a cottage with 4 rooms.


John and Maud Bevan had married 9 years earlier and all 4 of their children were still alive, and living with their parents at Three Styles. Maud (aged 30) and the first three children were all from the neighbouring parish of Panteg (Evlyn - aged 8; Jack - 5 and Nellie - 3). Only the youngest, Muriel, aged 2, was born at Glascoed, which pins their date of arrival at Three Styles at around 1908 - possibly coinciding with the Pitts vacating the property for a move to Nelson, in Glamorgan.