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 GLASCOED

 PEOPLE & PLACES

Upper Wernhir is a farmhouse, which while situated just outside Glascoed had strong links with Glascoed.


Sadly, the construction of the Royal Ordnance Factory led to the demolition of this historic property. Welsh journals online notes: “Readers may be interested to recall that it was the destruction of Upper Wern-hir farmhouse in Llanbadoc parish "for security reasons" during the construction of R.O.F. Glascoed, which inspired Sir Cyril Fox and Lord Raglan to undertake their wideranging and invaluable study, "Monmouthshire Houses". (1951).”


I intend to find and read this book in due course. Readers interested in finding out more about the history of Upper Wernhir would be well advised to do the same.





UPPER WERNHIR

The residents of the farmhouse in the period of the censuses were named:


Williams (1841 and 1851)


Morgan (1861 and 1871)


Jones (1881 and 1891)


and Edmunds (1901 and 1911).


Richard Williams, who had been born in approximately 1776 at Mochdre, Montgomeryshire was farming Upper Wernhir at the time of the 1841 census with his family. Mary was a Monmouthshire girl, ten years his junior. By 1851 Richard had moved to nearby Pontnewydd, where he was a “proprietor of houses”. He died in 1857.


1841 census


Upper Wernhir


Richard Williams, 65, , Farmer, N


Mary Williams, , 55, , Y


Ann Williams, , 25, , N


Thomas Williams, 25, , , N


John Williams, 20, , , N


Sarah Williams, , 15, , N


John Jenkins, 13, , M S, Y


At some point in the intervening decade, Richard’s son, John Edward Williams took over the farm. He was there at the time of the 1851 census, although soon left Upper Wernhir for Steppes farm, Gwernesney, probably by the end of 1851. John Edward’s wife, Eliza was the sister of Cornelius Evans, who came to farm at Glascoed Fach farm by 1881.


1851 census


# 35. Upper Wernhere


John, Williams, Head, M, 32, , Farmer of 260 Acres employing 3 Lab, Montgomeryshire, Mochdre


Eliza, Williams, Wife, M, , 26, Farmers Wife, Monmouthshire, Landenny


Emily, Williams, Daur, , , 2, Farmers Daur, Monmouthshire, Lanbaddock


Eliza, Williams, Daur, , , 6m, Farmers Daur, Monmouthshire, Lanbaddock


Mary, Morgan, Visitor, W, , 46, , Gloucestershire, Olveston


John, Morgan, Visitor, U, 11, , , Monmouthshire, Usk


Joseph, Morgan, Visitor, , 8, , , Monmouthshire, Usk


Ann, Morgan, Visitor, , , 5, , Monmouthshire, Lanwenarth


Emma, Morgan, Visitor, , , 2, , Monmouthshire, Lanwenarth


Howel, Williams, Servant, U, 14 (poss 15?), , Farm servant, Monmouthshire, Lanvrechva


John, Whit, Servant, , 21, , Farm servant, , N.K.


Margaret, Mitchel, Servant, , , 22, House servant, , Ireland



In 1856, Mary Morgan’s name appears in an article in the Usk Observer, after one of her dogs had been accused of worrying and killing a large number of sheep. This indicates that Mary was the householder certainly by this point. Interestingly she was also a visitor to the farm in 1851 along with her family.

 


1861 census


#10. Lower Whernheer


Mary, Morgan, Head, Un, , 52, Farmer of 84 acres employing one Boy, Gloucestershire, N.K.


John, Morgan, Son, Un, 20, , Farmer's son, Monmouthshire, Usk


Joseph, Morgan, Son, Un, 17, , Farmer's son, Monmouthshire, Usk


Ann, Morgan, Daur, Un, , 14, Farmer's daughter, Monmouthshire, Abergavenny


Emma, Morgan, Daur, Un, , 11, Farmer's daughter, Monmouthshire, Abergavenny


Richard, Boyce, Serv, Un, 14, , Agricul-l Lab, Monmouthshire, Llanbaddock


 


1871 census


#7. Wernhir Upper.


John, Morgan, Head, Mar, 31, , Farmer of 86 acres of Land, Usk, Monmouthshire


Emma, Morgan, Wife, Mar, , 31, , Llandegveth, Monmouthshire


Annie, Morgan, Daur, , , 3, , Llangibby, Monmouthshire


William Arthur, Morgan, Son, , 1, , , Llanbaddock, Monmouthshire


Julia, Pritchard, Serv, Unm, , 17, Domestic servant, Trelick, Monmouthshire


 


1881 census


#85. Upper Wernhir


Richard, Jones, Head, Mar, 57, , Farmer of 87 Acres, Monmouthshire, Grosmont


Mary Anne, Jones, Wife, Mar, , 50, Farmers wife, Monmouthshire, Grosmont


John, Jones, Son, Unm, 23, , Farmers son, Monmouthshire, Grosmont


Mary, Jones, Daughter, Unm, , 21, Farmers Daughter, Monmouthshire, Grosmont


John, Jones, Brother, Unm, 59, , Agricultural Labourer, Monmouthshire, Grosmont


 


1891 census


#9. Upper Wernhir.


John, Jones, Head, M, 32, , Farmer, x, , , Herefordshire, Canton?, , English


Maria J., Jones, Wife, M, , 27, , , , , Breconshire, Llanvrynych, , English


Mary, Jones, Mother, Wid, , 59, , , , , Monmouth, Grosmont, , English


John, Jones, Uncle, S, 69, , Farm Labourer, , x, , Monmouth, Grosmont, , English


John H., Gwatkin, Nephew, , 5, , Scholar, , , , Monmouth, Llanbadoc, , English


Mary J., Harris, Step Daur, , 5, Scholar, , , , Brecon, Crickhowell, , English


 


James William Edmunds was farming here by 1901. His wife Mary Jane was the daughter of William Williams of Pentwyn, Glascoed. They employed Mary Jane’s brother William as a Carter at this point.


1901 census


#10. Upper Wernhir, Llanbaddock, Monmouthshire. 5 rooms or more.


James W, Edmunds, Head, M, 26, , Farmer, Own account, , Llantarnam, Monmouth, , English


Mary J., Edmunds, Wife, M, , 18, , , , Glascoed, Monmouth, , English


William, Edmunds, Son, , 5 m, , , , , Glascoed, Monmouth, ,


William, Williams, Brother in law, S, 14, , Carter on Farm, Worker, , Glascoed, Monmouth, , English


 


1911 census


10, Upper Wernhir, Llanbaddoc, Mon. Farmhouse & Bldgs. 7 rooms.


James William, Edmunds, Head, 35, , Married, , , , , Farmer, , Own account, At home, Llantarnam, Mon, British, English


Mary Jane, Edmunds, Wife, , 27, Married for 10 yrs, 5 children, 5 still living, Farmers wife, , , , Glascoed, Mon, British, English


Williams Laurence, Edmunds, Son, 9, , , , , , , , , , , Llanbaddoc, Mon, british, English


Daisy, Edmunds, Daughter, , 8, , , , , , , , , , Llanbaddoc, Mon, british, English


Sarah Anne Doris, Edmunds, Daughter, , 6, , , , , , , , , , Llanbaddoc, Mon, british, English


John Cyril, Edmunds, Son, 3, , , , , , , , , , , Llanbaddoc, Mon, british, English


James Lloyd, Edmunds, Son, 2, , , , , , , , , , , Llanbaddoc, Mon, british,

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